As many as 40,000 cruise ship workers could lose their jobs it is feared as ‘furious’ industry bosses slammed advice telling tourists to avoid holidays at sea.
But firms will be given the green light to welcome aboard passengers in October, a minister suggested amid angry demands from travel firms for clarity.
Caroline Dinenage said the government wanted to be ‘a little bit more secure’ that ships will not be plunged into coronavirus hotbeds once again.
The culture minister said: ‘We have at the moment dissuaded people from going on cruises, probably until October, just because of the situation that we were in when the crisis hit when we had to repatriate people from all over the world on cruise ships.’
Citing updated Public Health England guidance, the Foreign Office yesterday told all Britons to avoid cruises, after initially having only warned the over-70s against setting sail.
The sudden change of tack infuriated hard-hit companies which have burned through millions during the pandemic and are desperate to resume business.
An industry source said: ‘On the face of it we are being cooperative, but most of us are privately fuming.’
The Azamara Pursuit,docks at the King George V Dock with just a few crew members on board, on June 1
The Arcadia cruise ship is anchored off of the Bournemouth Coast whilst cruises are put on hold due to the coronavirus crisis (pictured on June 23)
Change in advice has infuriated hard-hit companies which have been busily making ships Covid-secure so they can quickly welcome back tourists after months sitting empty in port
How cruises will change after Covid: End of the traditional buffet, reduced shore visits and temperature controls
By Rita Sobot and Tom Pyman for the Daily Mail
Major cruise line companies are ditching self-service buffets while on-board entertainment could also be cut as part of a raft of changes to trips in the wake of the coronavirus crisis.
Guests and crew may also have to be tested for the virus in some cases, or at least pass through infrared controls so their temperature can be taken in a bid to reduce the risk of infections spreading.
Other measures include limiting passenger numbers and staggering boarding and disembarking to ensure there are fewer people at the terminals and gangways.
On the ships, hand sanitisers will be placed throughout, germ-killing air filters will be installed and occupation of lifts will be limited.
At least one cruise liner has had to cut back on its hospitality by axing plans for the traditional welcome with a free buffet whilst others say only staff will be allowed to serve food and never the passenger.
Top locations such as Spain still currently have a ban on any cruise liner entering its ports, with the government saying this will continue until ‘the end of the coronavirus crisis’, with no firm date yet specified.
Representing the government on the morning broadcast round, Ms Dinenage took to the airwaves to provide clarity.
She said: ‘We want to be a little bit more secure in where we are as a country and as a world.
‘But we do want to get things back up and running. The British people have worked so hard over recent weeks and months to tackle this virus together and have endured an enormous amount of restrictions.’
It came after industry insiders lined up to clobber the government for plunging cruises into even more uncertainty.
One industry source told the Times: ‘We are furious. The advice is so vague and does nothing to differentiate between a boutique ship carrying 16 people or a mass-market one with 6,000 passengers.’
Another said: ‘Confidence in cruise holidays is high and we have gone to great lengths to make our services safe, with social distancing in communal airports, pre-boarding Covid tests and temperature checks at entrances to dining halls.’
Debbie Marshall of Silver Travel, which organises trips for older travellers, added: ‘We don’t understand why the FCO has hardened the existing advice for the over-70s and people with health issues with regard to cruising.
‘There is no logic in now making this a blanket extension and we hope that it will be revised before the cruise lines look to resume operations.
‘The Government should have more confidence that the cruise industry knows what it is doing and it would be better if they worked on a collaborative basis with the industry rather than throwing carefully laid plans into disarray.’
It comes as the government’s blanket advice against all non-essential foreign travel was lifted for dozens of destinations on Saturday and just hours before travel corridors are opened to 59 countries.
The corridors mean Britons returning from the countries, including Spain and France, will not have to automatically self-isolate for 14 days.
The FCO say the new position comes following advice from Public Health England.
In the early stages of the pandemic, cruise ships quickly became hotbeds for the spread of the virus – and saw the Diamond Princess liner quarantined off Japan for weeks as infections and death rose.
It has promised to ‘continue to review’ its position and insisted it ‘continues to support the Department for Transport’s work with industry for the resumption of international cruise travel’.
Angry passengers have branded yesterday’s move by the FCO as a ‘total over-reaction’, while others have described as ‘disappointing’.
Prior to yesterday’s announcement, the cruise industry had gone to great lengths to make ships as safe as possible in the hope of opening up again.
But health officials are terrified the liners could become ‘floating petri dishes’ after a boom in outbreaks of Covid-19 on ships at the beginning of the pandemic.
Prior to yesterday’s announcement, the cruise industry had gone to great lengths to make ships as safe as possible in the hope of opening up again. Pictured: Crew members leave an Australian-owned cruise ship in May
What does the FCO’s advice mean for cruise ship passengers?
The Foreign Office have issued a warning against all cruise ship travel based on medical advice from Public Health England.
In the early stages of the pandemic, the ban only applied to holidaymakers over the age of 70.
This was then replaced by a blanket embargo on ‘all but essential’ global travel, but by this point cruise operators had cancelled all sailings anyway.
Now, despite flights resuming with the relaxing of travel restrictions, officials have declared an indefinite warning against all cruise holidays,.
Why have they done this?
Experts fear cruises are simply too risky at this stage.
There are two reasons for this: the first is because of the health risks of cramming an average of 3,000 people, many of them elderly, on board a liner where social distancing is hard to maintain.
The second reason is diplomatic. The Department for Transport’s (DfT) travel corridor scheme is based on the assumption that most will travel between the UK and one other country.
Cruise ships, by contrast, stop at multiple locations and often berth in small villages or towns where the arrival of thousands of foreigners would pose a significant risk to local communities.
What are the risks?
Cruise ships have for years been described as ‘floating petri dishes’ for viruses.
This is due to the close proximity of passengers and crew, as well as the high proportion of elderly people who tend to go on cruise holidays and are more vulnerable to illness.
One study last month into the coronavirus outbreak on the Diamond Princes said communal facilities such as dining halls, pools and spas also contributed to the risk of infection.
What if I have booked a cruise holiday this year?
There is uncertainty over whether sailings for this autumn are likely to go ahead and you should contact your cruise operator or travel company for guidance.
If your trip is cancelled, you will be legally entitled to a cash refund within 14 days under the package travel regulations – although this may take longer due to the volume of claims.
Customers are advised to avoid accepting credit note vouchers towards a future trip because these come with little consumer protection.
You may also be offered a replacement sailing in 2021, when cruise operators hope to resume operations – although this is not guaranteed because the advice against all cruises is indefinite.
There are also fears that Covid flare-ups on board could lead to costly repatriation missions paid for by taxpayers.
Insiders say there are further worries an outbreak could lead to diplomatic tensions with foreign nations if they are forced to deal with virus-stricken vessels.
A Whitehall source told the Daily Mail: ‘There are huge health concerns over how the virus spreads on cruise ships.
‘There need to be major changes to how they operate before they can resume sailings because we’ve seen how easily the virus can spread on board.
‘Another issue is repatriation. During the crisis, the Foreign Office had to bring back 19,000 British nationals from cruise liners. There is concern in Government that we will have to do this again if we allow sailings to restart.’
The latest Foreign Office edict, which effectively bans cruises, is a hardening of earlier advice warning that over-70s should avoid cruise ship holidays.
It comes as thousands of Britons prepare to jet off for a holiday under the Department for Transport’s travel corridor scheme, which comes into force today.
Phil Evans, owner of Cruise Nation, told Travel Weekly: ‘The update from the FCO is lacking in information and we need clarity on it. We also need a date when we can expect the next update on this.
‘The last update from the FCO was four months ago, and there’s been nothing in between that and this latest, so we need to know that we won’t be kept waiting for another four months.’
Meanwhile, some major companies are prepared to scrap their autumn sailing schedules as a result of the indefinite warning – and may not resume operations until well into 2021.
The news will also disappoint thousands of people who have booked trips following the easing of travel restrictions last week, and force cruise companies to pay out hundreds of thousands in refunds.
One Twitter user Sean Robertson said: ‘This is a total over-reaction by the FCO.
‘On UK-based cruise-ships there have been 13 cases of Covid-19, all crew and all recovered.’
Another said: ‘Disappointing news that the FCO is advising against all cruise travel.
‘Hopefully this is under constant review because need to cruise again!’
Meanwhile Rory Boland, editor of consumer magazine Which? Travel, has warned the FCO’s advice will lead to most upcoming cruises being cancelled or postponed.
‘Most cruise holiday customers should be legally entitled to a cash refund within 14 days under the package travel regulations, but as we’ve seen across the travel industry recently, operators facing a surge in refund claims are often taking longer to return customers’ money to them.
‘If refunds will be delayed, cruise companies must urgently let customers know and give a clear timetable for when money will be returned.
‘The FCO should also extend its warning to include a definitive date, to give operators and customers clarity over when it will be safe to rebook.’
In March, the FCO advised Britons aged 70 and over, and those with some underlying health conditions, to avoid cruise ships.
Timeline: How cruise ships became breeding grounds for Covid-19
February 1: A man from Hong Kong who had travelled on the British-registered Diamond Princess between January 20 and January 25 tests positive for the virus after disembarking.
February 4: Japanese public health officials carried out health checks on all guests and crew on board the Diamond Princess (DP) and confirmed 10 people tested positive for coronavirus. Those 10 patients were taken ashore to local hospitals and the ship was placed under quarantine in Yokohama for at least 14 days.
February 9: An additional 66 cases of coronavirus were diagnosed aboard the DP, including one Briton.
February 11: A further 39 positive cases were confirmed on board the DP
February 12: Vulnerable passengers were allowed to leave the ship to complete their quarantine period on land.
February 15: The US Department of State chartered a flight to bring all US passengers and crew back to America.
February 16: New 67 cases were confirmed on board the DP.
February 18: A total of 169 new positive cases were confirmed and scientists began questioning the decision of Japanese authorities to quarantine passengers on the ship, which was declared a breeding ground for infection.
February 20: Two deaths of passengers confirmed from the virus. It came as around 600 passengers were the first to be cleared by the Japanese Ministry of Health and were allowed to leave the ship.
February 23: Third death of a ship passenger confirmed.
February 24: Death toll from infected passengers rose to four as another death was confirmed.
February 26: Health officials said they contacted 813 former passengers of the vessel who had previously tested negative for the virus and left the ship but then found 45 were showing symptoms.
February 27: All passengers on board the Diamond Princess disembarked from the vessel following quarantine. Around 500 crew awaited government charter flights and were quarantined at a facility in Japan.
February 28: Fifth death confirmed as a Japanese woman in her 70s. Then the sixth death from the Diamond Princess infection and first Briton to die of coronavirus was announced.
March 1: All passengers and crew disembarked the stricken cruise ship after a total 712 became infected and 14 people died.
March 5: Passengers and crew aboard the Grand Princess, off the coast of California, were tested for coronavirus after previous passengers came down with symptoms. Twenty-one people tested positive.
March 11: The ship went into quarantine off San Francisco for two weeks and a total seven people died and 122 became infected.
By this time, small outbreaks had been reported on other cruise liners around the world.
March 12: The British Foreign Office advises over-70s against going on cruises.
March 13: Norwegian Cruise Line, MSC, Carnival Cruise Line, and Royal Caribbean Cruise Line announce they are suspending worldwide trips.
March 18: The next big flare-up was aboard the Ruby Princess which on March 18 issues an urgent mayday call for an ambulance for two of its passengers presenting with coronavirus-like symptoms 24 hours before the ship is allowed to dock in Sydney.
March 19: The Ruby Princess arrives in Sydney Harbour. More than 2,700 guests are allowed to disembark without adequate health checks.
March 29: Several crew members are evacuated and taken to hospital after being diagnosed with coronavirus.
April 2: A 66-year-old crew member is taken off the Ruby Princess for medical treatment. More than 200 crew members are sick and in self-isolation.
April 11: NSW Health confirms that at least 46 crew members of the Ruby Princess cruise ship have contracted COVID-19
April 23: With 500 crew left on board, the Ruby Princess left Australian waters to sail to Manila in the Phillipines
April 24: Twenty-two deaths in Australia and the US were believed to be related to the outbreak.
June 1: Some river-going cruises start up again as the worldwide pandemic wanes.
June 24: Cruise Lines International Association, which represents cruise companies, said its members would prologue suspension of ocean-going trips until September.
July 9: Foreign Office advises all Britons against going on cruises.
The UK’s biggest cruise line, P&O Cruises, part of the Carnival group, has suspended all sailings until mid-October.
The president of Carnival UK president Simon Palethorpe said: ‘We acknowledge the FCO’s guidance and P&O Cruises had already extended the pause in operations for all sailings up to October 15, and Cunard had extended the pause in operations until November 2020.
‘Our current focus is to work in partnership with public health agencies at the highest level as well as Department for Transport; EU Healthy Gateways and CLIA, the industry governing body.
‘We will follow applicable guidelines to further enhance our already stringent measures to keep our guests and crew healthy and well and we will not resume sailings on either of our brands until this framework is in place.
‘This will include rigorous protocols pre-boarding, on ship and in the destinations we visit.
‘Confidence in cruising is strong and we are seeing increasing demand from our guests, who we look forward to welcoming back on board when the time is right.’
Meanwhile a spokesperson for Norwegian Cruise Line, the third biggest cruise line in the world, which regularly sails from Southampton, said: ‘Our first priority remains the safety, security and well-being of our guests, team members and all those in the communities we visit.
‘As such, we are actively working to enhance our already stringent health and safety protocols and continue to consult with global public health authorities including The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to take action as necessary.
‘In addition, this week, we announced the ‘Healthy Sail Panel,’ which consists of experts who are collaborating to develop recommendations that will help us safely resume operations.
‘Despite today’s news, we remain optimistic and hope to relaunch cruise operations in the near future. We look forward to welcoming our guests aboard again soon.’
Last week, major industry body for the UK’s cruise sector, the Cruise Lines International Association UK & Ireland (CLIA) said firms were ‘well prepared’ for cleaning and sanitation, but said there were ‘more conversations about how to go further’ in the wake of the coroanvirus pandemic.
Shorter cruises, fewer port calls and an end to buffet meals are some of the ideas that have been suggested as ways to get cruise ships sailing again sooner.
The recommendations were published as part of the EU Healthy Gateways’ Covid-19 guidance.
Andy Harmer, director of the Cruise Lines International Association UK & Ireland (CLIA), said: ‘A door-to-door policy will certainly be part of the cruise experience — from talking to your travel agent right through to disembarkation,’ Mr Harmer said.
‘The strategy for reducing the risk of Covid-19 on cruise ships will start at the time of booking until passengers return home.’ CLIA members include P&O, Cunard, MSC, Saga, Fred Olsen, Crystal, Celebrity, Seabourn and Holland America Line.
The latest government advice comes as a poll revealed residents in European countries were concerned about the return of British holidaymakers, according to YouGov.
But the same research showed the snub is unlikely to pose much of a problem – because Britons themselves are too worried by the bug to go abroad.
The study showed only 21 per cent would consider a trip to France or Spain, while only 17 per cent would think of heading to Germany or Italy.
It said ‘The vast majority of people who might normally consider going on holiday are refusing to do so specifically because of coronavirus.’
Spain was the sniffiest country about Britons visiting with 61 per cent of those questioned wanting them to stay away.
From Friday English tourists can visit 59 countries and return without having to go into quarantine upon their return.
But despite the loosening of coronavirus restrictions in Britain, many Europeans are reluctant to fully open their borders.
Only the US and Brazil have had more Covid-19 deaths worldwide than the UK, with the findings suggesting locals in France, Spain, Italy and Germany are all more likely to oppose visits from Brits this summer, than tourists from elsewhere on the continent.
Between 40 and 54 per cent of Spaniards were opposed to tourists coming into their country from other European nations but this figure rose to 61 per cent for British holidaymakers.
Across the Channel in France, some 55 per cent said they opposed visitors from Britain, compared with between 32 and 46 per cent from elsewhere, while in Germany and Italy the proportion with concerns was 58 per cent and 44 per cent respectively.
The only country to be the subject of more opposition than the UK was Sweden, given it has not imposed a lockdown since the outbreak.
The government’s air bridges policy was announced by Transport Secretary Grant Schapps
Under the scheme, the majority of passengers still have to provide contact details when they arrive in England.
Those who have been through countries still on the quarantine list in the past 14 days will still have to self-isolate for two weeks.
Polling company YouGov questioned 1,000 people across popular EU holiday destinations, many of whom expressed disquiet about a large number of Britons arriving in their country
The YouGov findings also showed where UK tourists would be concerned over travelling to due to coronavirus
The research showed a lot of apprehension towards potential tourists, particularly from China and the US, coming to Britain
Many people from other countries suggested they wouldn’t consider coming to Britain due to the high coronavirus rate
A packed St. Sebastian beach in Barcelona, northeastern Spain last month, where many people have concerns over the potential arrival of Brits
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon this week rejected some countries on the UK Government’s list of air bridges, including Spain
Crucially, those who enter the country from the 59 listed locations, including popular holiday destinations such as Spain, France and Cyprus, will not have to undergo a fortnight long quarantine.
However the rules are different in Scotland, where tourists travelling from Spain will have to continue to quarantine, Nicola Sturgeon said this week, as she rejected some countries on the UK Government’s list of air bridges.
Speaking at her daily briefing on the virus, the Scottish First Minister said the 14-day quarantine restriction will be lifted on July 10 for people returning or visiting from 39 countries with a low prevalence of Covid-19, including Germany, Norway and Malta.
Other countries which have a lower or not significantly higher prevalence of the virus than Scotland – including France, Greece, the Netherlands, Italy and Poland – will also be included on the list.
But she said the restriction will not be lifted for Spain or Serbia. She said the ‘difficult decision’ had been driven by the evidence.
Sturgeon went on to warn tourists that any attempts to ‘get around’ restrictions by crossing the border after flying into England would be ineffective.
Teeside and Newcastle International Airports are both under 100 miles from the Scottish border.
MARK PALMER: Is this what you call support then, Boris?
By Mark Palmer for the Daily Mail
Never hit a man when he’s down – unless it’s the cruise industry you’re roughing up.
That seems to be the policy following yesterday’s announcement from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office advising against all ‘cruise ship travel’ indefinitely.
Boris Johnson has promised to protect the cruise industry ‘in any way we can’
This time last week, cruise lines took some comfort from the easing of travel restrictions to dozens of countries and have been busy promoting and selling trips for later in the year, with a few even planning to set sail toward the end of this month.
So what’s changed? Or is it the case that the FCO suddenly panicked? Or forgot all together to exclude cruising from its blanket announcement seven days ago?
What’s especially galling is that when asked on June 11 at the daily coronavirus briefing about what the Government was doing to protect jobs in the cruise sector, the Prime Minister said: ‘We will support it in any way we can.’
Some support. In fact, it’s a kick in the teeth, especially when only last Tuesday the EU Healthy Gateways’ Covid-19 guidance for cruise ships was published and when cruise companies have already put in place stringent measures to safeguard the health of passengers and crew.
The lack of clarity about travel has been one of the great failings of the Government during the coronavirus crisis – and this latest edict is no exception.
Presumably, the ban on cruising includes river cruises and yet many hotels have far more guests staying in them than does a river cruise ship.
Many of the bigger cruise companies, such as P&O and Viking (pictured: the Viking Star), are pausing operations until October, but others, such as Hurtigruten have already restarted sailings in Norway
And, officially, you can go on an excursion in, for example, France or Italy but can’t come back to your ship.
The cruise industry is worth £10billion a year to the UK and more than two million people from the UK and Ireland – many of them Daily Mail readers – enjoy a cruise each year.
At the very least, the FCO should come up with a clear and carefully considered road map. It should say that the new ban will be in place for the next month – during which only a tiny handful of cruises will be leaving their ports – and then it will be reviewed.
Many of the bigger cruise companies, such as P&O and Viking, are pausing operations until October, but others, such as Hurtigruten have already restarted sailings in Norway.
This ban does nothing to build confidence and leaves those who have booked trips for later this year in limbo. The last thing cruise companies and their passengers need is further uncertainty.