Scott Morrison has outlined a four-phase transition towards living with Covid and finally ending the cycle of lockdowns and border closures.
The Prime Minister hailed a ‘new deal for Australians’ as he explained the stages titled vaccinate, prepare and pilot; post vaccination phase; consolidation phase; and final phase.
The first phase involves halving the number of arrivals into the country to 3,035 a week until August 31 to help keep out the highly contagious Delta strain, while the final stage sees all restrictions lifted except for testing of unvaccinated arrivals.
The pace of the plan – which will eventually let the country manage Covid like flu – depends on the vaccine rollout, with lockdowns eliminated once a certain percentage of Aussies have been fully jabbed with two doses.
‘I have made it very clear today what is on the other side. If we all get vaccinated then this all changes,’ Mr Morrison said.
‘The pathway we have agreed today gives all Australians encouragement and much needed hope in what has been a very difficult time.’
The plan was announced after 12 million Australians were locked down this week due to several outbreaks across the nation. Darwin ended its lockdown on Friday at 1pm after recording zero cases but Brisbane’s was extended until Saturday night due to two new infections.
Scott Morrison is pictured leaving quarantine after two weeks in his house in Canberra following the G7 summit
The plan came after 12 million Australians were locked down this week due to several outbreaks across the nation. Pictured: A runner during Sydney lockdown on Friday
What are the four phases of opening up?
1. Vaccinate, prepare and pilot (from July 14)
Arrival caps cut in half to 3,035 a week until August 31; lockdowns and state border closures as a last resort; trials of seven-day home quarantine for vaccinated arrivals; medicare vaccination certificates available on apps like apple wallet
2. Post vaccination phase (when an as-yet unannounced percentage of Aussies are jabbed, expected early next year)
No lockdowns or state borders except for ‘extreme circumstances’; caps for unvaccinated arrivals doubled to 6,070; home quarantine for vaccinated arrivals; capped entry for students and economic visa holders
3. Consolidation phase (date not announced)
Lifting all restrictions for outbound travel for vaccinated travellers; no caps for vaccinated arrivals; vaccinated people exempted from domestic restrictions; increased caps for students and visa holders; more travel bubbles being set up with countries such as Singapore; booster shots rolled out
4. Final phase (date not announced)
Uncapped arrivals for vaccinated people without any quarantine and uncapped arrivals for unvaccinated people with testing before departure and on arrival
1. Vaccinate, prepare and pilot
During the first stage from July 14, Australia’s weekly arrival cap will be cut in half from to 3,035 to decrease the risk of outbreaks of the more contagious Delta strain from hotel quarantine. The cut will be in place until at least 31 August and will then be regularly reviewed for the rest of the year.
Some 34,000 Australians stranded overseas may now find it more difficult to get home, but repatriation flights to Howard Springs near Darwin will increase.
‘Simply reducing the caps doesn’t necessarily provide a fail safe but because of the particular virulency of the Delta strain, it is believed that is a prudent action while we remain in this suppression phase of the virus,’ Mr Morrison said.
State premiers agreed that lockdowns and state border closures would be used as a ‘last resort’ – but no case threshold for lockdowns was agreed.
There will also be a small trial in South Australia to allow fully vaccinated travellers to quarantine at home for seven days, instead of 14 days in a hotel, after medical evidence showed they pose far less risk than unvaccinated arrivals.
Chief Medical Officer Paul Kelly said home quarantine can even be safer than hotel quarantine to reduce contact with staff.
‘Seven days of home quarantine can be very similar to the outcome of 14 days’ hotel quarantine. If people are staying at home, it actually can be safer for them and the community because of the decreased interaction with staff,’ he said.
Digital vaccination passports will be issued to everyone who has been jabbed via the Medicare app which will work with the Apple Wallet from the end of the month.
Trials will also allow international students and visa holders to enter in small numbers during this phase.
New South Wales residents queue up to get vaccinated at Olympic Park in Sydney on Thursday
The final phase of the plan involves no travel restrictions. Pictured: Australians evacuated from South America landing at Brisbane International Airport in April 2020
What are the new arrival caps from 14 July?
NT: Federal repatriation flights to Howard Springs
2. Post vaccination phase
State premiers have speculated that the post vaccination phase will begin when 80 per cent are jabbed – but the figure is yet to be agreed as modelling continues.
The Prime Minister said Australia is on track to offer all adults a first dose by the end of the year.
This second phase will have no lockdowns or state border controls except for in ‘extreme circumstances’ to prevent mass hospitalisations and deaths.
‘Once we get through that gate, and that will be determined by the scientific evidence, then we will move into a phase where we seek to minimise serious illness, hospitalisation and fatality as a result of Covid-19,’ Mr Morrison said.
Inbound passenger caps for unvaccinated travellers will increase to 6,070 and there will be a higher cap for vaccinated travellers with ‘new quarantine’ such as home quarantine for seven days.
There will also be capped entry for students and economic visa holders, depending on quarantine space.
3. Consolidation phase
The consolidation phase will involve lifting all restrictions for outbound travel for vaccinated people.
This will allow Australians, who have been banned from leaving the country since March 2020 except to New Zealand, to finally go on holiday and visit family overseas.
There will also be increased arrival caps for students and visa holders and more travel bubbles will be set up with countries such as Singapore to allow foreigners to enter.
Australia has had a travel bubble with New Zealand since April, but it is currently closed to due coronavirus outbreaks in Australia.
During this phase, Aussies will also be offered vaccine booster shots to combat any new strains of the virus.
In the second phase vaccinated travellers will be able to quarantine at home for seven days. Pictured: Healthcare workers and Defence personnel transport luggage from a Skybus outside the Intercontinental quarantine hotel in Melbourne in April
The Prime Minister held a National Cabinet meeting today with Premiers including Daniel Andrews (pictured) as they planned Australia’s pandemic future
4. Final phase
The final phase will allow uncapped arrivals for vaccinated people without any quarantine and uncapped arrivals for unvaccinated people with testing before departure and on arrival.
‘What it means is, Australia gets vaccinated, Australia is able to live differently,’ Mr Morrison said.
Before today, international arrivals were capped at 6,070 a week but Labor premiers wanted this dramatically reduced.
New South Wales Premier Gladys Berejiklian – whose state has taken half of all returned travellers – said she didn’t agree but accepted the decision.
‘I am disappointed that every State hasn’t done its fair share but I appreciate and have to respect the decision of National Cabinet,’ she said.
‘I don’t support the view that other Premiers have that this means mistakes aren’t going to happen and we’re not going to have outbreaks. That is still going to occur,’ she warned.
Queensland Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk wanted the caps cut in half while Victoria Premier Daniel Andrews wanted the numbers cut by up to 80 per cent.
Mr Morrison (pictured on Friday) completed 14 days of quarantine at The Lodge in Canberra, after returning from the G7 summit in the UK
A family from New Zealand reunite at Sydney International Airport in April. More travel bubbles will be set up in the third phase of the plan
‘We are at a pressure cooker moment,’ Ms Palaszczuk told reporters in Brisbane on Wednesday as the state’s quarantine hotels filled up.
Mr Andrews agreed, saying: ‘We have it within our power to dramatically reduce the number of people who are coming back just for these next three or four months until we get a critical mass of people with a jab.
‘It won’t be easy to lock some people out. But locking some people out is much better than locking everybody down,’ he added.
Home Affairs Minister Karen Andrews on Wednesday said the caps should not be cut because Australians should be allowed to come home.
Professor Kelly said only six in 1,000 international arrivals had Covid-19.
The National Cabinet also discussed the troubled national vaccine rollout and mixed messaging around the AstraZeneca jab.
Mr Morrison on Monday said Australians under 40 could consult their GP about getting the abundant AstraZeneca vaccine.
But Queensland’s chief health officer Jeannette Young said they should wait for Pfizer because of a very small risk of blood clots.
Australia’s expert immunisation panel reiterated its advice that Pfizer was preferred for all people aged under 60.
Thursday was a record day for vaccinations with more than 160,000 people receiving jabs nationwide.
Almost eight per cent of Australian adults are now fully vaccinated, but the nation lags far behind all other comparable countries.
Mr Morrison late on Thursday completed 14 days of quarantine at The Lodge in Canberra, after returning from the G7 summit in the UK, and headed to Parliament House to lead the meeting.
On Friday Sydney – which is in day six of a two-week lockdown – recorded 31 new locally acquired cases of Covid-19, with 13 of them active in the community for all or part of their infectious period.
The new case numbers take the tally to 226 since the current outbreak began on June 16.
More warnings have been issued for potential exposure sites, including the T2 domestic terminal at Sydney Airport, the Des Renford Swimming Pool at Maroubra in Sydney’s east and Club Marconi at Bossley Park in the west.
There are three Sydney residents and one in Brisbane in ICU.
The virtual meeting of state and territory leaders hosted by the PM decided to halve international travel caps. Pictured: NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian
Why has Australia’s vaccine rollout been so slow?
Australia’s rollout started in late February, more than two months after the UK and the US, because there was no need to rush through emergency approval of vaccines.
The first setback came in March when the EU banned the export of vaccines made on the continent, meaning that 3.1million out of 3.8million doses of AstraZeneca did not arrive in Australia on time.
As a result, Prime Minister Scott Morrison missed his target to vaccinate four million Aussies by the end of March by 85 per cent.
Then in April the Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation advised that Australia’s main vaccine and the only one it can make onshore, the AstraZeneca jab, should not be given to patients under 50 due to a very rare but serious blood-clot side effect.
Australians have been queuing up to get scarce Pfizer but have shunned abundant AstraZeneca
The move threw the rollout into chaos as the government scrambled to secure more doses of Pfizer, its only other approved vaccine, and pushed back its aim to give everyone a first dose by October to December.
Pfizer agreed to sell Australia 20 million more doses, doubling the existing total, but said they would not all arrive until the end of the year.
Mr Morrison admitted that the change had huge implications for the vaccination program, saying: ‘Now, that was a big shock to the roll-out and they are events outside of the government’s control.’
The change also prompted an increase in hesitancy as an Essential survey found 16 per cent of Aussies said they would not get vaccinated, up from 12 per cent in March, and the portion willing to get vaccinated as soon as possible slumped from 47 per cent to 42 per cent.
Then earlier this month, the experts changed the advice again, recommending that only people over 60 get the AstraZeneca jab after 12 more cases of blood clots were recorded in a week, seven in their 50s.
Officials made their decision based on a risk-benefit analysis which took into account that Australia had very low levels of Covid-19 due to its tough international border closure.
Dr Jamal Rifi, who owns Belmore Medical Centre in western Sydney, told the ABC on Tuesday: ‘People talk about hesitancy or reluctance, it’s well beyond that. It’s a refusal of patients to have the AstraZeneca.’